In 1620 the first wave of Pilgrims left the north of England to Plymouth Colony. Thus, marking it the 400th anniversary of the sailing of the Mayflower.
The quest for the shores of New England began as early as 1608 but a direct route from England was forbidden. Many left for other countries such as Holland where they could live with more freedoms and launch their quest to the New World. However as there is today in abundance, so there was then; duping of the many families that trusted others who made promises to get them to the new world.
Pilgrims were able to leave England from Immingham (not Birmingham) (at the east coast of England), finding shelter until they were able to board a ship that would cross the Atlantic. The pilgrims sailing the Mayflower were planning to land in Virginia to make their new home.
The Pilgrims were bound by the Laws published for New England that were clearly Puritan centric; the level of Puritan tolerance was zero and the punishment for most offenses was death. A list of items including clothing to be worn was published in England. The list was titled Proportion of Provisions Needful for Such as Intent to Plant. The list also included the items of proper attire and worshiping mandates.
The Mayflower meet up with the Speedwell (at Leiden) where both headed off to the new world. The Speedwell soon after leaving port developed a leak and was put back to port for repair Darthmouth. When the two ships left port, the Speedwell began to leak again. It would not set sail. Most of its passengers boarded the Mayflower.
After a grueling 10 weeks at sea, the Mayflower, with 102 passengers, 74 male and 28 females, and a crew of about 30, reached America, dropping anchor near the of Cape Cod on November 11, 1620, the following month making landfall Plymouth. tip During the winter, the passengers remained on board Mayflower, suffering an outbreak of a contagious disease described as a mixture of scurvy, pneumonia, and tuberculosis prompted by the winter weather, their long voyage and poor living conditions.
Named by Captain John Smith, the settlement developed as it is now, the town of Plymouth, Massachusetts. Plymouth Colony occupied most of the southeastern portion of Massachusetts.
It was the second successful colony to be founded by the English in America after Jamestown in Virginia, and it was the first permanent English settlement in the New England region.