The capture of Rome , also known as the breach of Porta Pia , was the episode of the Risorgimento which sanctioned the annexation of Rome to the Kingdom of Italy .It took place on September 20, 1870 , decreed the end of the Papal State as a historical-political entity and was a moment of profound revolution in the management of temporal power by the popes . The following year the capital of Italy was transferred from Florence to Rome (law 3 February 1871, n. 33). The anniversary of September 20 was a national holiday until 1930, when it was abolished following the signing of the Lateran Pacts .
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